获取当前日期前后N天或N月的日期

# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
”’获取当前日期前后N天或N月的日期”’

from time import strftime, localtime
from datetime import timedelta, date
import calendar

year = strftime(“%Y”,localtime())
mon = strftime(“%m”,localtime())
day = strftime(“%d”,localtime())
hour = strftime(“%H”,localtime())
min = strftime(“%M”,localtime())
sec = strftime(“%S”,localtime())

def today():
””’
get today,date format=”YYYY-MM-DD”
””’
return date.today()

def todaystr():
”’
get date string, date format=”YYYYMMDD”
”’
return year+mon+day

def datetime():
””’
get datetime,format=”YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS”
”’
return strftime(“%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S”,localtime())

def datetimestr():
””’
get datetime string
date format=”YYYYMMDDHHMMSS”
”’
return year+mon+day+hour+min+sec

def get_day_of_day(n=0):
””’
if n>=0,date is larger than today
if n<0,date is less than today
date format = “YYYY-MM-DD”
”’
if(n<0):
n = abs(n)
return date.today()-timedelta(days=n)
else:
return date.today()+timedelta(days=n)

def get_days_of_month(year,mon):
””’
get days of month
”’
return calendar.monthrange(year, mon)[1]

def get_firstday_of_month(year,mon):
””’
get the first day of month
date format = “YYYY-MM-DD”
”’
days=”01″
if(int(mon)<10):
mon = “0”+str(int(mon))
arr = (year,mon,days)
return “-“.join(“%s” %i for i in arr)

def get_lastday_of_month(year,mon):
””’
get the last day of month
date format = “YYYY-MM-DD”
”’
days=calendar.monthrange(year, mon)[1]
mon = addzero(mon)
arr = (year,mon,days)
return “-“.join(“%s” %i for i in arr)

def get_firstday_month(n=0):
””’
get the first day of month from today
n is how many months
”’
(y,m,d) = getyearandmonth(n)
d = “01”
arr = (y,m,d)
return “-“.join(“%s” %i for i in arr)

def get_lastday_month(n=0):
””’
get the last day of month from today
n is how many months
”’
return “-“.join(“%s” %i for i in getyearandmonth(n))

def getyearandmonth(n=0):
””’
get the year,month,days from today
befor or after n months
”’
thisyear = int(year)
thismon = int(mon)
totalmon = thismon+n
if(n>=0):
if(totalmon<=12):
days = str(get_days_of_month(thisyear,totalmon))
totalmon = addzero(totalmon)
return (year,totalmon,days)
else:
i = totalmon/12
j = totalmon%12
if(j==0):
i-=1
j=12
thisyear += i
days = str(get_days_of_month(thisyear,j))
j = addzero(j)
return (str(thisyear),str(j),days)
else:
if((totalmon>0) and (totalmon<12)):
days = str(get_days_of_month(thisyear,totalmon))
totalmon = addzero(totalmon)
return (year,totalmon,days)
else:
i = totalmon/12
j = totalmon%12
if(j==0):
i-=1
j=12
thisyear +=i
days = str(get_days_of_month(thisyear,j))
j = addzero(j)
return (str(thisyear),str(j),days)

def addzero(n):
””’
add 0 before 0-9
return 01-09
”’
nabs = abs(int(n))
if(nabs<10):
return “0”+str(nabs)
else:
return nabs

def get_today_month(n=0):
””’
获取当前日期前后N月的日期
if n>0, 获取当前日期前N月的日期
if n<0, 获取当前日期后N月的日期
date format = “YYYY-MM-DD”
”’
(y,m,d) = getyearandmonth(n)
arr=(y,m,d)
if(int(day)<int(d)):
arr = (y,m,day)
return “-“.join(“%s” %i for i in arr)

if __name__==”__main__”:
print today()
print todaystr()
print datetime()
print datetimestr()
print get_day_of_day(20)
print get_day_of_day(-3)
print get_today_month(-3)
print get_today_month(3)

 

输出结果:

2020-08-18
20200818
2020-08-18 01:31:03
20200818013103
2020-09-07
2020-08-15
2020-05-18
2020-11-18

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